Plant genetic resources (PGR) play a key role in sustainable crop production. The ingenious preservation and usage of PGR is extremely important for attaining food security and nutritional needs of current and subsequent generations. The in situ conservation of majority of the accessions of various crops and their wild relatives is nonviable. A feasible substitute to this problem is to preserve the seeds of the plants in genebank. Keeping in the importance of the PGR, the International Center for Biosaline Agriculture (ICBA) established a genebank in its vicinity in 2000. Efficient use of salt effected agriculture lands need PGR of salt tolerant species. ICBA has been collecting and conserving seeds of proven or potentially salt tolerant plant species for research purpose at ICBA and other institutes with similar research interests.
Till now ICBA has collected more than 12, 600 accessions belonging to about 230 salt-tolerant and halophyte plant species and conserved them in the genebank. The center has also gathered around 250 samples of 70 wild plant species seeds during various botanical expeditions all around the UAE. The assembled germplasm is a unique source for researchers working on salinity tolerant crops.