The development of climate change adaptation strategies, supporting evidence and innovation is especially important in marginal environments where the impact of climate change is likely to be significant. In the coming years and decades, climate change is expected to exacerbate the problems of lack of fresh water, drought, low rainfall, extreme temperatures etc. leading to increasing challenges for future food and nutrition security.
The aim of the climate change work at ICBA is todevelop new insight into the possible impacts of climate change on water and food security, particularly in areas that are currently or likely to be become marginal, and to develop innovative adaptation policy, technical and information solutions.
The objectives of this section are as follows:
- Develop and undertake climate change downscaling activities for regions of interest to quantify predicted variations to the baseline average conditions;
- Through modeling, give quantitative and qualitative insight into the impacts of climate change on various dynamics of the water budget, including likely changing needs in irrigation;
- Understand the nature and characteristics of current and future droughts, their impacts on water and food security, and develop mitigation plans;
- Develop scientific insight into salt- and drought-tolerant crops for food, fodder, fuel and fiber that can be used as part of climate change adaptation plans;
- Identify areas that are likely to be vulnerable to future climate change conditions and work with other ICBA Sections and decision-makers on developing adaptation strategies, management and investment plans and policies, for the new environmental conditions;
- Ensure ICBA’s climate change modeling and adaptation research findings reach a broad range of end-users from fellow scientists, through decision-makers to implementers.
The main focus areas for applied research and development under this thematic area are: