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A comprehensive characterisation of safflower oil for its potential applications as a bioactive food ingredient - A review

Background: Safflower is a multiple purpose crop generally grown for oil production.‎ The safflower oil is considered to be a better oil since it contains higher amount of oleic and linoleic acids than other oil seed crops.‎ Safflower oil has numerous applications in food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical and feed industry.‎ An added advantage of safflower oil is lower cost of production thus can become an alternate option for those who cannot afford to buy olive and other functional oils.‎

Scope and approach: This manuscript provides a comprehensive review on critical aspects of pharmacological and nutritional applications of safflower oil.‎ A higher antioxidant activity renders better stability of safflower seed oil over extended storage period.‎ Moreover, a higher content of omega six fatty acids makes it a healthier choice for consumption especially where olive oil being the only but costly choice.‎ There has been a surge in developing innovative and efficient methods to extract safflower oil including super critical fluid and enzymatic extraction techniques.‎

Key findings and conclusions: A higher stability index makes it possible to encapsulate safflower oil or used it as a carrier in bioactive functional ingredient delivery systems.‎ The functional properties of safflower oil can be used to treat skin infections, bone related disorders, menopause and atherosclerosis.‎ Composition and distribution of phenolic contents of safflower oil has not been explored to its full potential.‎ There is a need to conduct exclusive research on exploring the role of phenolic compounds in food and pharma industrial applications.‎

Authors: 
Nauman Khalid, Rao Sanaullah Khan, M.‎ Iftikhar Hussain, Muhammad Farooq, Asif Ahmad, Iftikhar Ahmed
Year: 
۲۰۱۷
Publication type: 
Scientific Paper
Publication Source: 
ScienceDirect
Volume/Chapter/Issue: 
٦٦
Page Number: 
۱۷٦-۱۸٦